Eating is one of life’s pleasure and pride – so is cooking and
serving good food to others. A restaurant is a commercial outfit
which specializes in the preparation of quality food and to serve
them to satisy the customer’s demands. Their motto is “Customers
are our assets and satisfied customers are our source of wealth”.
Restaurants do have state of the art kitchens in their premises,where food items are prepared, following a fixed menu to serve the
customers. Most restaurants are also equipped with infrastructure
facilities, table settings, dining halls of various sizes to cater to needs
of small gatherings to grandiose banquets to suit customer demands
and above all, trained personnel to provide a satisfactory service.
The term restaurant (from the French word restaurer, to
restore) first appeared in the 16th century, meaning “a food which
restores”, and referred specifically to a rich, highly flavoured soup.
The modern sense of the word was born around 1765 when a
Parisian soup-seller named Boulanger opened his establishment.
Whilst inns and taverns were known from antiquity, these were
establishments aimed at travellers, and in general locals would rarely
eat there. The modern formal style of dining, where customers are
given a plate with the food already arranged on it, is known as
service à la russe, as it is said to have been introduced to France by
the Russian Prince Kurakin in the 1810s, from where it spread
rapidly to England and beyond.
A restaurant is a retail establishment that serves prepared
food to customers. Service is generally for eating on premises,
though the term has been used to include take-out establishments
and food delivery services. The term covers many types of venues
and a diversity of styles of cuisine and service.
Restaurants are sometimes a feature of a larger complex,
typically a hotel, where the dining amenities are provided for the
convenience of the residents and, of course, for the hotel with a
singular objective to maximise their potential revenue. Such
restaurants are often also open to non-residents.
Restaurants range from unpretentious lunching or dining
places catering to people working nearby, with simple food and fixed
menu served in simple settings at low prices, to expensive
establishments serving expensive speciality food and wines in a
formal setting. In the former case, customers usually wear casual
clothing. In the latter case, depending on culture and local traditions,
customers might wear semi-casual, semi-formal, or even in rare
cases formal wear. Typically, customers sit at tables, their orders are
taken by a waiter, who brings the food when it is ready, and the
customers pay the bill before leaving. In class or porche restaurants
there will be a host or hostess or even a maître d’hôtel to welcome
customers and to seat them. Other staff’s waiting on customers
include busboys and sommeliers.